Abutilon indicum(L.) Sweet
Local Name: Kanghi
Sindhi Name: Teer pat
English Name: Indian mallow
Part Used: Whole plant
Abutilon indicum (L .) Sweet is an annual or perennial shrub, and about 0.3-4 m high1,2. Leaves are ovate and toothed. Flowers are yellow, lobes ovate, solitary, axillary, and apiculate. Fruits are capsule. Stem is branched and pubescent. Seeds are reniform and black or brown in colour1.
A.indicum is distributed tropics and subtropics region of world3. It is also found in sub–Himalayan tract and in hotter areas of India1. In Pakistan, it is found in Punjab, Sindh, and Khyber Pakhtoonkhawa3.
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases
Paste of Abutilon indicum(L.) Sweet (Indian mallow) leave is applied on the infected area for wound healing in District Sukkur (Sindh).
Tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, gallic acid, sesquiterpenes, glycosides4, saponins, terpenoids, monoterpenoids , glycoproteins, polysaccharides, phenolic compounds are the main constituents of various parts of A. indicum. Methanolic extract of A. indicum contain quercetin5. Two sesquiterpene lactones, alantolactone and isoalantolactone, were isolated from this plant4. Many flavonoids such as luteolin, chrysoeriol, luteolin 7-O-beta-glucopyranoside, chrysoeriol 7-O-beta-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-alpha-rhamnopyranosyl (1 –> 6)-beta-glucopyranoside, apigenin 7-O-beta-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-beta-glucopyranoside, have been isolated from the flowers 5.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies
Roots are used against fever, heamaturia, and strangury. Flowers are used as a remedy for cough and in blood vomiting. Decoction of leaves is used as a mouth wash and for the treatment of bleedingpiles6. Leaves of the plant also have antimicrobial and antioxidant properties7.
Methanolic extract of leaves of A. indicumhave antifungal activity against trichophyton rubrum1. Plant is also reported for various other pharmacological activities, such as, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antithelimintic, diuretic, antiulcer6,analgesic, anti-arthritic8, and antineoplastic6 properties.
- Sinhg, H., Sharma, R. A., and Sharma, A. (2013). Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile of Abutilon indicum Sweet : A Review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, 20(1), 120-127.
- Sharma, P. V., and Ahmed, Z. A. (1989).Two sesquiterpene lactones from Abutilon indicum.Photochemistry, 3525.
- Matlawska, I., Sikorska, M. (2002). Flavonoid compounds in the flowers of Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet (Malvaceae).Acta Pol Pharm, 59(3), 227-229.
- Dashputre, N. L., and Naikwade, N. S.( 2011). Evaluation of Anti-ulcer Activity of Methanolic Extract of Abutilon indicum Linn Leaves in Experimental Rats. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences andDrug Research, 3(2) 97-100.
- Srvidya,A. R.,Yadev, A. K., and Dhanbal, S. P.(2009). Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity of Rhizome of Curcuma aromaticaand Curcuma zeodaria, Leaves of Abutilon indicum.Arch Pharm Sci& Res Vol (1)14-19
- Deshpande, V.,Jadhav, V. M., andKadam, V. J.(2009). In-vitroAnti-Arthritic Activity of Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet. Journal of Pharmacy Research, 2(4), 644-645.