Abutilon indicum(L.) Sweet

Abutilon indicum(L.) Sweet

Botanical Name:                Abutilon indicum (L.) SweetAbutilon indicum(L.) Sweet

Synonym:                             SidaindicaL.

Abutilon asiaticumL.

                                                Abutilon albidum(Willd.)Sweet

Kingdom:                              Plantae

Order:                                     Malvales

Family:                                  Malvaceae

Genus:                                   Abutilon

Local Name:                        Kanghi

Sindhi Name:                       Teer pat

English Name:                      Indian mallow

Part Used:                             Whole plant

 Description

Abutilon indicum  (L .) Sweet is an annual or perennial shrub, and about 0.3-4 m high1,2. Leaves are ovate and toothed. Flowers are yellow, lobes ovate, solitary, axillary, and apiculate. Fruits are capsule. Stem is branched and pubescent. Seeds are reniform and black or brown in colour1.

Occurrence

A.indicum is distributed tropics and subtropics region of world3. It is also found in sub–Himalayan tract and in hotter areas of India1. In Pakistan, it is found in Punjab, Sindh, and Khyber Pakhtoonkhawa3.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

 Wound

Paste of Abutilon indicum(L.) Sweet (Indian mallow) leave is applied on the infected area for wound healing in District Sukkur (Sindh).

 ChemicalConstituents

Tannins,  alkaloids,  flavonoids,  gallic acid,  sesquiterpenes,  glycosides4,  saponins,  terpenoids, monoterpenoids ,  glycoproteins,  polysaccharides, phenolic compounds  are the main constituents of various parts of A. indicum.  Methanolic extract of A. indicum contain quercetin5. Two sesquiterpene lactones, alantolactone and isoalantolactone, were isolated from this plant4. Many  flavonoids such as luteolin, chrysoeriol, luteolin 7-O-beta-glucopyranoside, chrysoeriol 7-O-beta-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-alpha-rhamnopyranosyl (1 –> 6)-beta-glucopyranoside, apigenin 7-O-beta-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-beta-glucopyranoside, have been  isolated from the flowers 5.

Chemical Structures:

 

Abutilon indicum(L.) Sweet.JPG.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Roots are used against fever, heamaturia, and strangury. Flowers are used as a remedy for cough and in blood vomiting. Decoction of leaves is used as a mouth wash and for the treatment of bleedingpiles6. Leaves of the plant also have antimicrobial and antioxidant properties7.

Methanolic extract of leaves of A. indicumhave antifungal activity against trichophyton  rubrum1.  Plant is also reported for various other pharmacological activities, such as, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antithelimintic, diuretic, antiulcer6,analgesic, anti-arthritic8, and antineoplastic6 properties.

References

  1. Sinhg, H., Sharma, R. A., and Sharma, A. (2013). Phytochemical and Pharmacological Profile of Abutilon indicum Sweet : A Review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, 20(1), 120-127.
  2. https://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/browse/profile/4894
  3. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200013676
  4. Sharma, P. V., and Ahmed, Z. A. (1989).Two sesquiterpene lactones from Abutilon indicum.Photochemistry, 3525.
  5. Matlawska, I., Sikorska, M. (2002). Flavonoid compounds in the flowers of Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet (Malvaceae).Acta Pol Pharm59(3), 227-229.
  6. Dashputre, N. L., and Naikwade, N. S.( 2011). Evaluation of Anti-ulcer Activity of Methanolic Extract of Abutilon indicum Linn Leaves in Experimental Rats. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences andDrug Research, 3(2) 97-100.
  7. Srvidya,A. R.,Yadev, A. K., and Dhanbal, S. P.(2009). Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity of Rhizome of Curcuma aromaticaand Curcuma zeodaria, Leaves of Abutilon indicum.Arch Pharm Sci& Res Vol (1)14-19
  8. Deshpande, V.,Jadhav, V. M., andKadam, V. J.(2009). In-vitroAnti-Arthritic Activity of Abutilon indicum (Linn.) Sweet. Journal of Pharmacy Research, 2(4), 644-645.