Dalbergi sissoo Roxb.

Dalbergi sissoo Roxb.

Botanical Name:         Dalbergi sissoo Roxb.Dalbergi sissoo Roxb.

Kingdom:                      Plantae

Order:                            Fabales

Family:                          Fabaceae

Genus:                           Dalbergia

Local Name:                Sissoo

English Name:            Indian Rosewood

Sindhi Name:              Tali

Part Used:                    Seeds, leaves, and bark

 

Description

Dalbergi sissoo Roxb. is a tall tree of about 30m height. Leave has unpaired and alternate 3-5 leaflets with fine pointed tip. Flower is pink and white in color, and pea-shaped with short stalked1. Seedlings are sensitive to shades1,4.

Occurrence

D. sissoo grows in India, Pakistan, and Nepal5. It is native to the tropical regions of Central and South America, and Southern Asia.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases

Scabies

  1. Ground leaves of Dalbergi sisso Roxb. (Indian rosewood) are mixed with Brassica compestris L. (Mustard) oil to form paste and applied daily on affected area for the treatment of scabies in District Ghotki (Sindh).
  2. Leaves of D. sisso are ground to form paste. This paste is applied topically on affected area daily for the treatment of scabies in District Nawabshah (Sindh).
  3. Leaves of D. sisso are soaked in some water to make infusion. It is taken orally for 7-15 days for the treatment of scabies in District Sajawal (Sindh).

Pustules

Ground leaves of D. sisso, Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Neem), Eclipta prostrate L. (False Daisy), and Ziziphus numularia L. (Chinese apple) are mixed with Triticum aestivum L. (Wheat) flour, salt, Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) powder, and  Brassica compestris (Mustard) oil to make a paste. This paste is heated and then applied on pustules in District Ghotki (Sindh).

Wounds

Leaves of D. sisso are ground with Raphanus sativus L. (Radish) to form paste. This paste is applied topically for the treatment of wound in District Khairpur (Sindh).

Boils

Leaves of D. sisso and Ziziphus numularia (Chinese apple) is mixed with Cicer arientum L. (Chickpea) flour, and water to form paste. This paste is applied on boils in District Naushahro Feroz (Sindh).

Alopecia

Leaves of D. sisso are ground to form paste and applied on scalp daily for the treatment of alopecia in District Naushahro Feroz (Sindh).

Abscess

  1. Leaves of D. sisso and Datura stromonium L. (Datura) are ground to form paste. The paste is applied topically on affected area daily for the treatment of abscess in District Naushehro Feroz (Sindh).
  2. Leaves of D. sisso and Ziziphus numularia (Chinese apple) are ground, and mixed with flour of Avena sativa L.(Oat) to form paste. This paste is applied topically on affected area daily for the treatment of abscess in District Matiari (Sindh).
  3. Leaves of D. sisso, Ziziphus numularia (Chinese apple), and Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (Neem) are ground, and mixed with fuller’s earth and some water to form paste. The paste is applied topically on affected area daily till recovery for the treatment of abscess in District Naushahro Feroz (Sindh).

Pyoderma

Leaves of D. sisso are boiled in large volume of water. This water extract is used for taking bath for the treatment of pyoderma in District Naushehro Feroz (Sindh).

Hair loss

Leaves and seeds of D. sisso are ground, and mixed with oil to form paste. This paste is applied on scalp for 15-30 minutes for the treatment of hair loss in District Nawabshah (Sindh).

Onychomycosis

Leaves of D. sisso are dipped in milk and then tied on nails for the treatment of Onychomycosis in District Nawabshah (Sindh).

Chicken pox

Leaves of D. sisso and Ricinus communis L. (Castor) are heated, and then tied on affected area for the treatment of chicken pox in the District Kambar-Shahdadkot (Sindh).

Chemical constituents

Flavonoids, isoflavonoids, glycosides, and steroids have been isolated from D.sissoo. Isoflavone-O-glycoside and sissotrin were isolated from leaves. Flowers contain 7,4-dimethyl tectorigenin, biochenin A, 7-O-methyltectorigenin, and tectorigenin. Pods contain isocaviumin, caviunin, and tannins. Stem bark and heartwood contains diabergin and diaberginchromene3.

Chemical Structure:

Dalbergi sissoo Roxb.st.

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies

Alcoholic extract of D.sissoo relieves from pain and fever6. Leaves are useful for eye pain and act as an astringent in bleeding disorders7. Juice of leaveis useful for the gynecological disorders8. Wood and bark extract is used for the blood disorders, eye and nose disorders, dysentery, scabies, and stomach problems9.Twigs is used for cleaning of teeth10.

Leaf dried is reported for Antibacterial, antiprotozoal, anti-inflammatory activities. Oil of the plant showed repellant activity. Aerial plant extract possessed antipyretic and analgesic activities11.

References

  1. Bekele-Tesseme, A. (2007). Useful trees of Ethiopia identification, propagation and Management in 17 Agrecological zones. Nairobi, Relma in ICRAF projects.
  2. http://www.forestrynepal.org/resources/trees/dalbergia-sissoo
  3. http://mpbd.info/plants/dalbergia-sissoo.php
  4. http://www.greenfieldagroforestry.net/sissoo-tree-seeds-dalbergia-sissoo–1638925.html
  5. Browne, F.G. (1968). Pests and diseases of forest plantations trees. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  6. Misar, A. V., Kale, M., Joshi, M., and Mujbumder, A. (2005).Analgesic activity ofDalbergialanceolaria bark extract in swiss albino mice. Pharm Biol. 43, 723-­725.
  7. http://bimbima.com/health/post/2015/02/09/nedicinal-tree-shishamsissoo-dalbergia-sissoaspx
  8. Sath, S. D., and Sharma, B. (2004). Medicinal plants in India. Indian J Med Res,102(1), 9-11.
  9. Chakravarty, B. K. (1993). Herbal Medicines, Safety and Efficacy Guidelines.The Regulatory affairs Journal, 4(1), 699-701.
  10. (2007).GlobalInvasiveSpecies Database. Data sheet for Dalbergiasissoo (tree). www.issg.org/database.
  11. Bhattacharya, M., Singh, A., andRamrakhyani, C. (2014). Dalbergiasissoo-An Important Medical Plant. Journal of Medicinal Plants, 2(2).