Cinnamomum zeylanicum Garcin ex Blume.
Local Name: Dar chini
Sindhi Name: Dalchini
English Name: Truecinnamomum
Part Used: Bark
Cinnamomum zeylanicum Garcin ex Blume(Cinnamomumverum) are 10–15 metres tall evergreentree. Bark is black-brown in color. Inner bark has cinnamic aldehyde flavor. Leavesare ovate-oblong in shape and dark glossy green. Buds, peduncle and rachis have pubescence. Petiole length is about 2 cm. Panicle axillary is 10-12 cm. Flowers are yellow in color. Ovary is 10-15 mm in diameter. Style is short and stigma is discoid. Fruit is ovoid n shape.1, 11
C. verum is cultivated in Taiwan and many countries of Asia. It is native to Sri Lanka. 11
Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:
- CinnamomumzeylanicumGarcin ex Blume (True cinnamon), AmomumsubulatumRoxb. (Black cardamom), and Trachyspermumammi L. (Carom) are crushed to obtain a powder. One tablespoon of this powder is taken orally with goat milk for one week for the treatment of measles in District Ghotki (Sindh).
- C. verumand Amomumsubulatum (Black cardamom) are mixed together in some water, and this water is taken orally for the treatment of measles in District Sukkur (Sindh).
C. verum and Azadirachtaindica A. Juss (Neem) leaves are ground to make a paste. This paste is applied topically on affected area for the treatment of pyoderma in District Umerkot (Sindh).
A variety of active chemicals constituents have been found in C. zeylanicumwhich havemedicinal potential. Barks and leaves contain cinnamldehyde, and eugenol. Root bark contains camphor. Fruits have a trans-cinnamyl acetate, and β-caryophyllene. Terpene hydrocarbons, α-bergamotene, α-copaene, and oxygenated terpenoids have been found in buds. (E)-Cinnamyl acetate, trans-α-bergamotene, and caryophyllene oxide have been isolated from flower2,12.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies
Pleasant aroma of C. zeylanicumoil is effective for mind relaxation and often used for the treatment of hypertension. Cinnamon bark has cholesterol lowering effects3,10. Plant is used with Zingiberofficinale(Ginger) for the stimulation of circulation, and digestion4.
C. zeylanicumis reported forantimicrobial5, anti-inflammatory6, immunomodulatory7, hypotensive, vasorelaxant8, antivenom9,antiulcer, antioxidant, and hypoglycemic activities10.
- Vangalapati, M. (2012).A Review on Pharmacological Activities and Clinical effects of Cinnamon Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 3(1),653-663.
- AzuraBintiSulaiman, S. (2013).Extraction of Essential Oil from Cinnamomumzeylanicum by Various Methods as a Perfume Oil,3, Faculty of Chemical and Natural Resources Engineering, University Malaysia Pahang.
- Rekha, M. (2010). Effect of Cinnamomumzeylanicum and Syzygiumcuminion Gestational Diabetic Rats, p.117, Department of Industrial Biotechnology, Educational and Research Institute University, Chennai, India.
- Gupta, C., Amar, P., Ramesh, C., Kumari, U., and Kumari, A. (2008). Comparative Analysis of the Antimicrobial Activity of Cinnamon Oil and Cinnamon Extract on Some Food-Borne Microbes. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 2(9), 247-251.
- Joshi, K., Awte, S., Bhatnagar, P., Walunj, S., Gupta, R., Joshi, S., Sabharwal, S., and Bani, S. (2010). Cinnamomumzeylanicum Extract Inhibits Proinflammatory Cytokine Tnfµ: In Vitro and In Vivo Studies. Research of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, 2(2), 14-21.
- Niphade, S. R.,and Asad, M. (2009). Immunomodulatory Activity of Cinnamomumzeylanicum Pharmaceutical Biology,47(12), 1168-1173.
- Wansi, S. L., and Nyadjeu, P. (2007). Blood Pressure Lowering Effect of the Ethanol Extract from the Stembark of Cinnamomumzeylanicum (Lauraceae) in Rats.Pharmacologyonline, 3, 166-176.
- Mitul, P. (2013). Anti-Venom Activity of Cinnamomumzeylanicum Extracts Against Najakaouthia Snake Venom. International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Chemical Sciences, 2(3).
- Jakhetia, V. (2010). Cinnamon: A Pharmacological Review,Journal of Advance Science Research, 1(2), 19-23.