Tamarindus indica Linn.

Tamarindus indica Linn.

Botanical Name:         Tamar indusindica Linn.Tamarindus indica Linn.

Kingdom:                     Plantae

Order:                          Fabales

Family:                        Caesalpiniaceae, Fabaceae

Genus:                         Tamrindus

Sindhi Name:              Imli

Local Name:                Imli

Part Used:                   Fruit, leaves, bark and flowers

English Name:            Tamarind

Description:

TamarindusindicaLinn is evergreen tree. Leaves are paripinnate while leaflets are 10-20 paired, obtuse, opposite, and oblong. Inflorescence of 10-15 flowered lax raceme are present. Pods are slightly compressed and indehiscent. Seeds are dark brown or black in color1.

Occurrence:

T. indicais native to Pakistan and indigenous to tropical Africa1.

Ethnomedicinal Uses in Skin Diseases:

Abscess

Trachyspermumammi L. (Carom),Tamarindus indica L. (Tamarind), and WithaniacoagulansDunal. (Vegetable rennet) are crushed, and then mixed with clarified butter, and butter to make a paste. It is applied topically on affected area for the treatment of abscess in District Kashmore (Sindh).

Insect and scorpion bite

T.indicapeel is crushed and mixed with some water to make a paste. It is applied topically for the treatment of insect bite and scorpion bite in District Sajawal (Sindh).

Pyoderma:

T.indica pulp is mixed with fuller’s earth to make a paste, and applied topically for the treatment of pyoderma in District Thatta (Sindh).

Snake bite:

Peel ofT.Indicais rubbed on area of snake bite in District Tando Allahyar (Sindh).

Acne

T.indica pulp is fried in butter oil and applied on face for the treatment of acne in District Tando Muhammad Khan (Sindh).

 Chemical Constituents

tartaric acid, benzyl benzoate, acetic acid, citric acid, malic acid, linonene,  21-oxobehenic acid, (+)-pinitol, compesterol, formic acid,taxifolin, eriodictyol,naringenin,β-sitosterol,and succinic acid2.

Chemical Structure:

Tamarindus indica Linn.st

Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology/Scientific Studies:

Bark of T. indicais boiled and taken orally in sore throats2. Seeds are boiled and used in the form of poultice for the treatment of boils3. Lotion of bark is prepared for healing wounds. Seed-paste is applied over burns and used as antidote to insect bites. Pulp is applied externally on inflammatory swelling to relieve pain4.Watery extract is used as an antiseptic for cleaning wounds5.Topical pharmaceutical formulation containing T. indicapulp was prepared and used as bandage on burn. Formulation provided a cooling and soothing effect. Pain was eliminated immediately and there was no scarring or blistering after treatment6.

T. indicapossessed antidiabetic, hypolipidemic and antioxidant, antibacterial, antimicrobial, hepatoprotective, analgesic, antipyretic, laxative, antiemetic, and anticancer activities2.

References

  1. http://www.efloras.org/aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200012330
  2. Meher, B., Dash, D. K., and Roy, A. (2014). A review on: Phytochemistry, pharmacology and traditional uses of Tamarindusindica World Journal of Pharm PharmaceutSci, 3, 229-40.
  3. Najma, D. (2002), Field Guide to Common Trees and Shrubs of East Africa, 170, Struik Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa.
  4. Dhiman, A. K. (2006), Ayurvedic Drug Plants, p. 33, Daya Publishing house Delhi-110 035, India.
  5. Joshi, S. G. (2000), Medicinal Plants, 125, Mohan Primlani Publishers Oxford & IBH publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. 66 Janpath, New Delhi 110001, India.
  6. Rizvi, M. A. (2007), Medicinal Plants History cultivation and Uses, p. 182, Hamdard Institute of Advanced studies and Research Publishers, Hamdard University, Karachi-74600, Pakistan.
  7. Bhat, K. S., Indian Pat. Appl. (2010), IN 2009MU00764 A 20101203, Language: English, Database: Caplus.