The use of medicinal plants for healing are as old as the mankind itself. Awareness of medicinal plants usage is a result of the many years of struggles against illnesses due to which man learned to pursue drugs in barks, seeds, fruit bodies, and other parts of the plants. Sindh, being the most ancient civilization of the world, has a vast knowledge and unbroken tradition of the use of the plants for a variety of purposes. Therapeutic uses of plants have been recorded in many treatises, historical documents, and travelogues of ancient Sindh.
The high onset of skin diseases in Sindh was largely due to poverty, lack of access to clean water, poor sanitary conditions, malnutrition, high prevalence of insect bites and inadequate access to specialized dermatological treatments. The most common skin diseases analyzed during the survey included scabies, impetigo, superficial fungal infections, leishmania, and a variety of ulcers due to poor quality of food and water, and negligence and lack of treatment.
Areas covered during Survey:
During the first ever field-based ethnobotanic survey, conducted in all 27 districts of the province of Sindh, the most valuable information about the use of traditional knowledge for the treatment of skin infections were collected and preserved. This was the crucial first step to preserve the folk knowledge, to prevent its unlawful use by others, and to benefit from this knowledge by the systematic use of Science and Technology.